Monday 23 July, 2018
6.00pm - 7.00pm
On Service Voices – Monday 23.07.18 from 6 to 7pm Adelaide Time (or listen again any time after 7pm)
Seventy Six years ago this month, the first Japanese force landed in Papua New Guinea, with a view to seize Kokoda and advance south towards Port Moresby. Today is all about that period in our history…
The Japanese invasion of Buna-Gona, New Guinea
… as soon as trucks could be unloaded, a company of infantry was driven inland. When the road ended the Japanese loaded their equipment on to carts and bicycles and continued their rapid advance. On 23 July 1942 the first engagement of the campaign took place near Awala when 38 men of the Papuan Infantry Battalion, under Major William Watson, fired on the Japanese then retired. A private of the Papuan Infantry Battalion said that they each fired eight or nine rounds, ‘then Major Watson told us to run for our lives’. The widely dispersed defenders in the region numbered 420 men of the Papuan Infantry Battalion, the Royal Papuan Constabulary and B Company of 39 Battalion. By 26 July 145 men, of all three units, had been collected at Oivi, 16 kilometres east of Kokoda.
Harold Jesser: An Aussie Digger in New Guinea
Harold himself tells us about the lead-up to this event, and what happened next.
Harold’s son Peter Jesser writes: For his patrol work behind Japanese lines, Jesser was awarded the Military Cross. The citation for his Military Cross (approved for immediate award) stated:
- “During the night of 22/23rd July, 1942, at great personal risk he took a small patrol of natives and penetrated beyond Sangara, a distance of 12 miles behind the enemy lines, and returned to his Headquarters with valuable information of the enemy strength and disposition thereby enabling the P.I.B. to take up a position and greatly retard the enemy advance. Again on the night of 26/27th July, 1942, he repeated the performance with similar results.”
Captain Jesser’s Military Cross was the first to be awarded in the Papua New Guinea theatre in World War II. Sergeant Katue, who accompanied Jesser during most of his patrols, was awarded the Military Medal. This was the first decoration to be won by a Papuan or New Guinean soldier.
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